Flowers and Forbs

Wildflowers not only provide beauty to any landscape, they also provide irreplaceable benefits to the environment as well. As native species, wildflowers thrive in the ecosystems where they originated, requiring less water and inputs and higher tolerances to diseases and pests. They provide the necessary habitats for pollinators, insects, and wildlife while also improving soil health, enhancing forage conditions, and preventing erosion. We are pleased to provide a wide range of wildflowers, forbs, and specially formulated mixes ideal for any region and purpose. 

Annual Sunflower

Annual Sunflower, Helianthus annuus, is a robust annual that produces cheery yellow flowers with purplish-brown centers 2 to 4 inches across. This flower has allelopathic properties and produces seeds that attract seed-eaters. Blooms occur in the summer and the plant grows to a mature height of 24 to 72 inches tall. Annual Sunflower is highly adaptable and distributed throughout the United States from southern Canada to northern Mexico. This flower is abundant in roadsides, waste places, and other open sites where they prefer full sun and dry soil.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 59,800; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 18-20

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 24-72 inches

Arrowleaf Balsamroot

Arrowleaf Balsamroot, Balsamorhiza sagittata, is a long-lived tap root perennial with large, bright yellow flowers on individual stems but may be numerous. This Sunflower-like flower blooms from May to June. Arrowleaf Balsamroot is found across British Columbia down to California east of the Cascades, east to Alberta, North Dakota, South Dakota, Colorado, and south to northern Arizona. This flower is found on open hillsides and flats in fairly deep soil and in valleys and foothills up to 9,000 feet elevation. Arrowleaf Balsamroot does best in full sun and dry, well-drained, gravelly soils.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 5,670,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 10-15

Bloom Period: Spring/Summer; Mature Height: 16-30 inches

Black-Eyed Susan

Black-Eyed Susan, Rudbeckia hirta, is an annual, biennial, or short-lived perennial leafy plant with bright yellow sunflower-like flowers and dark, dome-shaped centers. This flower blooms from late June to September and is quite adaptable and somewhat aggressive. Black-Eyed Susan is native to the Midwest and lake states and naturalized in the east. This flower can be found on disturbed prairies, roadsides, and waste places. Black-Eyed Susan does best in full to partial sun and various soils.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,967,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 1-2

Bloom Period: Summer/Fall; Mature Height: 12-36 inches

Blanketflower

Blankflower or Perennial Gaillardia, Gaillardia aristata, is a perennial with leafy plants that bear 4 inch, daisy-like flowers in shades of yellow, bronze, and burgundy that are often banded. This flower blooms from June through August. Blanketflower is found across North Dakota to Colorado, west to Oregon and southwest Canada in communities of Pinyon-Juniper, Ponderosa Pine, Aspen, Lodgepole Pine, and Spruce-Fir. This flower is typically found below 8,500 feet elevation and can withstand heat and drought. Blanketflower does best in full sun and prefer light, well-drained, infertile soils.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 160,200; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 8-10

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 18-30 inches

Blue Flax

Blue Flax, Linum perenne, is a perennial which produces masses of 5-petaled, sky blue flowers. Blue Flax blooms in mid-May through June. It is common to find Blue Flax across parts of the western United States prairies and calcareous rocky banks, sagebrush, Pinyon-Juniper, Mountain Brush, Mixed Desert Scrub, Aspen, and Spruce Fir communities, dry slopes, and ridges. Blue Flax does best in full sun and dry to well-drained soils. This flower is important for reclamation in open areas as it is drought resistant but does not tolerate a combination of heat and humidity.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 200,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 6-7

Bloom Period: Spring/Summer; Mature Height: 12-30 inches

Butterfly Milkweed

Butterfly Milkweed, Asclepias tuberosa, is a perennial with deep, tuberous roots. Large clusters of orange to reddish flowers bloom from mid-June to mid-July. Butterfly Milkweed attracts butterflies and may be poisonous to livestock. This flower is adapted to many parts of the United States usually in dry, open soils of prairies, roadsides, waste places, and upland woods. Butterfly Milkweed does best in full sun, well-drained sandy or gravelly soils, and endures drought well.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 870,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 7-10

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 24-36 inches

Calendula (Pot Marigold)

Calendula, Calendula officinalis, also called Pot Marigold, is an annual that blooms in the spring through the fall with deep orange to yellow flowers in cool climates. This flower typically grows 12 to 24 inches tall and the blooms are Daisy or Chrysanthemum-like. Calendula does well in borders, beds, gardens, or pots and attracts butterflies. This flower prefers moderately fertile, well-drained soils and full sun. Calendula can be found in the most western area and northeastern area of the United States and Canada. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 70,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 2-3

Bloom Period: late Spring/Summer/early Fall; Mature Height: 12-24 inches

California Poppy

California Poppy, Eschscholzia californica, is an annual/perennial that forms a tuft of basal, blue-green, finely divided leaves and flowers of deep orange to pale yellow that bloom in 55 days. This flower is found across Washington to California, commonly in grassy and open areas up to 6,500 feet, and is the state flower of California. This flower is very adaptable to full sun and dry to moist soils although it prefers well-drained poor soils. California Poppy has special value as a pollinator for bumble bees, native bees, and honey bees.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 250,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 6-10

Bloom Period: Spring/Summer; Mature Height: 12-18 inches

Corn Poppy

Corn Poppy, Papaver rhoeas, is a slender annual that produces large blossoms of pink, red or white on slender stalks. Corn Poppy, also called Flanders or Shirley Poppy, may be poisonous to livestock. This flower is naturalized across the United States and found in open or shades sites in sandy or gravelly soils, roadsides, cultivated ground, and waste places. Corn Poppy does best in full to partial sun and dry soils. This flower is good for borders or rock gardens and blooms during the summer months.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 3,179,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 1

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 12-30 inches

Cornflower / Bachelor's Button

Cornflower, Centaurea cyanus, also called Bachelor's Button, is a winter annual with bluish-green foliage that has cottony hairs and flowers that are bright blue, fringed, and 1 inch wide. Cornflower blooms in 60 days between April and July and is a desirable cut flower. It is aggressive, widely adapted, and drought resistant. This flower is common in cultivated ground and is established in disturbed sites and roadsides in the United States. Cornflower does best in full to partial sun and dry soils.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,112,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 10-14

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 12-36 inches 

Cosmos

Cosmos, Cosmos bipinnatus, is an annual, introduced flower with tall, airy plants that bear finely divided leaves and showy, 4-inch flowers in white, pink or purple. Cosmos bloom in late summer and early fall. Cosmos are sometimes escapes from gardens and becomes established along roadsides and waste places. This flower does best in full to partial sun and dry, sandy but not rich soils. Cosmos are an excellent cut flower, good for flower beds, and their seeds attract birds. Cosmos are a fairly aggressive plant and self-sow easily.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 80,800; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 10-14

Bloom Period: Summer/Fall; Mature Height: 36-60 inches

Dames Rocket

Dames Rocket, Hesperis matronalis, is a biennial that blooms in May to August with fragrant, pinkish-purple to white flowers. Dames Rocket has clusters of flowers, slightly hairy and lance-shaped leaves, and 2 to 4 ft tall stems. The first year, the plant is a rosette of basal leaves, then produce a flowering stem the second or third year. Dames Rocket does well on medium, well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade. This flower has naturalized itself in moist, wooded or open areas of the eastern United States. Its long blooming period and ability to self-seed results in Dames Rocket being listed as a noxious weed in some states. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 300,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 8

Bloom Period: Spring/early Summer; Mature Height: 12-36 inches

Dotted Gayfeather

Dotted Gayfeather, Liatris punctata, is a perennial with a slender, unbranched plant and a tall spike of purple flowers. This flower blooms from July to mid-August. Dotted Gayfeather is found across Long Island to Michigan, south to Florida and Louisiana in moist areas, meadows, borders of marshes, savannas, damp slopes, and wet-mesic prairies. This flower does best in full to partial sun and neutral to slightly acid, moist to mesic soils. Dotted Gayfeather tolerates a combination of heat and humidity and is an excellent cut flower.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 197,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 8-10

Bloom Period: Summer/Fall; Mature Height: 10-30 inches

Eagle Mt. Western Yarrow

Eagle Mt. Yarrow, Achillea millefolium var. occidentalis, is a variety of Western Yarrow that is a native perennial with finely divided leaves, woolly hairs, and white, densely clusters, flat-topped flowers. This flower is aromatic and very drought tolerant. Blooms occur from June through July. Eagle Mt. Yarrow is native in areas from Quebec to Yukon and south to Oklahoma, California, and Mexico in lowlands and mountain highlands. This flower is found on dry, open rocky places and prefers full sun. Eagle Mt. Yarrow also prefers well-draining soils and will be aggressive in moister soils while spreading by rhizomes.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 3,240,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 1

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 12-36 inches

Evening Primrose

Common Evening Primrose, Oenothera biennis, is a biennial/perennial with tall, flowering stalks that arise from leafy basal rosettes. The yellow flowers open in the evening and are 2-3 inches wide. Evening Primrose is naturalized in cooler northern areas of the United States and bloom in the summer months. This flower does best in full sun, moderate to dry soils and readily reseeds.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 864,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 1.5

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 24-60 inches

Fernleaf Biscuitroot

Fernleaf Biscuitroot, Lomatium dissectum, is a perennial, herbaceous forb that begins growth very early in the spring making it an early forage species for many animals. Distinctive characteristics include yellow to purple flowers and a thickened woody taproot approximately 1 foot long and 2 inches thick. Fernleaf Biscuitroot does best in coarse to fine-textured soils and can be found in a variety of plant communities. This flower can be found across the Western United States and has historically been used for medicinal and food purposes. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 45,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 5-10

Bloom Period: Spring; Mature Height: 48 inches

Fleabane Daisy

Fleabane Daisy, Erigeron speciosus, is a perennial flower that is 8 to 24 inches tall and produces masses of Aster-like, lavender flowers with yellow centers. Fleabane Daisy, also called Aspen Fleabane Daisy, blooms in mid-June to mid-July and attracts butterflies. This flower is found across Alberta and British Columbia, south to Montana, New Mexico and Arizona in open, wooded areas. Fleabane Daisy does best in full to partial sun, and dry to moist, well-drained, moderately rich soils.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,982,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 1

Bloom Period: Spring/Summer; Mature Height: 8-24 inches

Lance-Leaved Coreopsis

Lance-Leaved Coreopsis, Coreopsis lanceolata, is a perennial with showy, bright yellow flowers that are 2.5 inches wide and bloom in June through July. This flower is found across Florida to Louisiana, north to Vermont, southern Ontario, Michigan, Illinois, and Missouri. Lance-Leaved Coreopsis prefers dry, sandy or gravelly soils, open prairies and roadsides. It does best in full to partial sun, dry to moderately moist soils and disturbed sites. This wildflower is fairly drought tolerant and tolerates a wide range of pH and the combination of heat and humidity.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 202,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 5-8

Bloom Period: Summer/Fall; Mature Height: 18-36 inches

Lemon Mint

Lemon Mint, Monarda citriodora, is an aromatic annual that blooms in the summer months. This flower has tuft-like, lavender to pink flower heads that bloom on top of an elongated spike. Several stems grow from the base with lance-leaved leaves in pairs. Lemon Mint, also called Lemon Beepalm or Horsemint, has a distinctive citrus scent from the leaves. This flower attracts bees and butterflies and are found across the United States in prairies, plains, meadows, savannas, and slopes. Lemon Mint does well in sun to partial shade and dry soils. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 819,000; Seeding rate (pounds/acre): 3

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 12-24 inches

Munro Globemallow

Munro Globemallow, Sphaeralcea munroana, is a perennial with apricot-orange flowers and gray-green leaves and stems. Blooms occur from May to August and the plant grows upright like a vase-like shrub to 2-4 feet tall and wide. This variety of Globemallow prefers full sun and can grow in any well-drained soil with great drought resistance. Munro Globemallow is native to the western United States and was established in desert plains, the high desert, and rocky, disturbed areas. This flower has been found to be poisonous to cattle.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 500,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 2-4

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 24-48 inches

New England Aster

New England Aster, Aster novae-angliae, is a perennial that has leafy stems and hairy leaves. This flower is a robust autumn-blooming Aster with thick clusters of pink to dark purple flowers and yellow centers. New England Aster blooms from mid-August to mid-October. This flower can be found across Canada, from Vermont to Alabama, and west to North Dakota, Wyoming, and New Mexico on moist to mesic sandy areas, moist meadows, stream banks, roadsides, open woods, and fields. New England Aster does best in full sun but tolerates partial shade and moist to mesic soils.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,305,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 1-2

Bloom Period: Fall; Mature Height: 24-72 inches

Oxeye Sunflower

Oxeye Sunflower, Heliopsis helianthoides, is a perennial with stiff, branched stems growing 3 to 6 feet tall. The plant has yellow Sunflower-like heads with a cone-shaped central disk and opposite, toothed leaves. Oxeye Sunflower, also called False Sunflower, is a hardy plant and can be easily grown as a showy garden perennial in dry sites or in clayey or sandy soils. This flower is found across most of the eastern United States in moist to dry, open woodlands, prairies, and fields in sun to partial shade. Oxeye Sunflower blooms in mid-summer and attract hummingbirds. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 100,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 10-20

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 36-72 inches

Pale Purple Coneflower

Pale Purple Coneflower, Echinacea pallida, is a perennial with long, reflexed lavender petals with purplish-brown disks. It is strongly taprooted and the leaves are usually more narrow than Echinacea purpurea, Purple Coneflower. Pale Purple Coneflower blooms in mid-July to mid-August. It is found in the Midwest United States south to Louisiana, Alabama, and Georgia in dry to mesic prairies and open savannas. This flower does best in full sun to light shade, dry to moderate soils and is suitable for tall grass prairie plantings. Pale Purple Coneflower is a good cut flower and attracts birds and butterflies.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 106,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 9-12

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 24-48 inches

Palmer Penstemon

Palmer Penstemon, Penstemon palmeri, is a perennial with grayish-green foliage and long flower stalks that produce many light pink flowers. This flower blooms from early June through mid-July. Palmer Penstemon can be found across California and east to Utah and Arizona in open, rocky areas and southwest gardens. It does best in full sun and prefers gravelly, sandy soils. Palmer Penstemon is drought tolerant but does not tolerate a combination of heat and humidity.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 507,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 2-4

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 24-48 inches

Perennial Lupine

Perennial Lupine, Lupinus perennis, is a perennial that forms clumps of basal leaves with leaflets in digitate clusters and flowers in spikes. The blooms are mostly blue but sometimes pink or white and occur from mid-May through June attracting hummingbirds. Perennial Lupine is distributed from Maine to Florida and found in dry woods, clearings, and openings. This flower does best in full sun, dry to moist, well-drained soils, and should not be transplanted.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 21,300; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 25-35

Bloom Period: Spring/Summer; Mature Height: 12-36 inches

Plains Coreopsis

Plains Coreopsis, Coreopsis tinctoria, is a slender, annual, native flower that produces masses of flowers ranging in color from deep red and bronze to bright yellow with red centers. Most varieties grow 18 to 36 inches tall while dwarf varieties grow 12 to 18 inches tall. Plains Coreopsis is found across Minnesota and British Columbia and south to Louisiana and New Mexico. It is a common garden escape and does well on seasonally damp, disturbed sites such as roadside ditches and low, sandy ground. Plains Coreopsis attracts seed eaters and does best in full to partial sun and dry to moist, well-drained soils.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,666,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 1-2

Bloom Period: Summer/Fall; Mature Height: 18-36 inches

Purple Coneflower

Purple Coneflower, Echinacea purpurea, is a perennial that produces large, rose-purple flowers with dome-shaped centers that are up to 6 inches across. This is a bushy plant that blooms from late June through August. Purple Coneflower is distributed across Ohio to Iowa and south to Louisiana and Georgia in dry, open woods and rocky prairies. This flower does best in full sun to light shade and is a good cut flower. It tolerates a combination of heat and humidity and various soil types, but does best in moderately moist but well-drained soil that is rich in humus. Purple Coneflower attracts butterflies and the seeds attract birds.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 117,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 7-12

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 24-36 inches

Purple Prairie Clover

Purple Prairie Clover, Petalostemon purpurea, is a perennial legume with pinnately compound leaves and rose to dark purple flowers in dense spikes. It has a stout taproot and is palatable to wildlife. Blooms occur from July to early August. Purple Prairie Clover can be found across Indiana to Saskatchewan and south to Texas, Colorado, and New Mexico in rocky plains and hillsides, open wooded areas, stream valleys, and roadsides. This flower does best in full sun and dry to mesic well-drained soils.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 293,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 6-8

Bloom Period: Summer/Fall; Mature Height: 12-36 inches

Rocket Larkspur

Rocket Larkspur, Delphinium ajacis, is an annual, introduced flower with spikes arising from clumps of basal leaves. The blooms are typically pink, blue, purple or white, attract hummingbirds, and occur during the summer months. Rocket Larkspur is found on cultivated ground and roadsides. This flower does best in full to partial sun and moist to dry, non-acidic soils.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 142,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 10-15

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 12-36 inches

Rocky Mountain Beeplant

Rocky Mountain Beeplant, Cleome serrulata, is an annual that has pink to lavender flowers with 4 sepals, 4 petals, and compound leaves with 3 elliptical leaflets resembling a small garden Spiderplant. This flower is a good nectar plant and attracts bees. Rocky Mountain Beeplant is wide ranging and can be found from California and eastern Washington east to the Great Plains. It is found in disturbed areas along roadsides, on stream traces and other pioneer situations. Rocky Mountain Beeplant does best in full sun and dry to moderate soil moisture.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 62,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 10-16

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 12-48 inches

Russell Lupine

Russell Lupine, Lupinus polyphyllus, is a perennial that forms clumps of basal leaves with leaflets in digitate clusters and flowers that are in spikes. Flowers of red, blue, or pink bloom in late May to June and attract hummingbirds. Russell Lupine is found from California to British Columbia and does best in full sun and dry to moist soils.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 22,400; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 25-35

Bloom Period: Spring/Summer; Mature Height: 12-36 inches

Shasta Daisy

Shasta Daisy, Chrysanthemum maximum, is a perennial and very similar to Oxeye Daisy but with larger and less aggressive flowers. Blooms occur from mid-May to early August across the United States with white flowers and a yellow center. This flower does best in full to partial sun, moist to moderately dry soils and especially rich, well-drained soils. Shasta Daisy makes an excellent cut flower and attracts butterflies.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 436,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 4-6

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 16-24 inches

Siberian Wallflower

Siberian Wallflower, Cheiranthus allionii, is a biennial or perennial with slender plants and fragrant, bright orange flowers that are similar to stock. This introduced flower blooms in late April to early June and is used in fragrant gardens to attract butterflies. This flower does best in full sun and moderately dry to moist soils. Siberian Wallflower is found in open areas and along roadsides across the northern United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 436,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 4-6

Bloom Period: Spring; Mature Height: 10-18 inches

Sickle-Keeled Lupine (Hederma)

Sickle-Keeled Lupine, also called Hederma, Lupinus albicaulis, provides rapid cover on critical erosion sites such as roadside seedings and reforestation plantings. This plant is a nitrogen fixer and provides wildlife cover. Sickle-Keeled Lupine grows best under 1,800 ft. in western Oregon, Washington, and Northern California with annual rainfall up to 80 inches.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 20,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 4-20

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 24-48 inches

Silky Lupine

Silky Lupine, Lupinus sericeus, is a perennial with blue and purple flowers that bloom in the summer months. The flower is in dense racemes with 1 to 2 foot tall stems that are clumped together on a coarse, branching root crown. The leaflets are narrow and covered with silky hairs. Silky Lupine does well in sun, partial shade, and full shade and in moist to dry soils. This flower attracts birds and hummingbirds and can be found in dry to moist valleys and mountains up to 7,000 feet in the western United States. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 13,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 20-30

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 12-36 inches

Silvery Lupine

Silvery Lupine, Lupinus argentus, is a hardy perennial with blue, sometimes white or pink flowers that bloom from March to June. At lower elevations, the flowers may turn a muddy yellow color. The plant has silvery, hairy foliage and leaves that form distinctive digitate clusters. Silvery Lupine is poisonous to livestock and is prominent in meadows, roadsides, and wooded areas from 6,000 to 10,500 feet elevation. Silvery Lupine does best in sunny to shady areas and prefers drier soils. This flower is native primarily to California and Oregon and attracts hummingbirds.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 18,300; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 20-30

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 10-28 inches

Small Burnet

Small Burnet, Sanguisorba minor, is an excellent four-season, summer blooming, forage for wildlife and livestock. It is especially desirable forage for elk, deer, antelope and birds either as forage or seed. The ideal environmental requirements are full sun and dry, well-drained or sandy soil. Small Burnet tolerates weakly saline to weakly acidic sites and persists in well-drained soils. This flower is considered fire resistant due to high moisture content in leaves and stems.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 55,000; Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 15-25

Bloom Period: Spring/Summer; Mature Height: 8-24 inches

Smooth Blue Aster

Smooth Blue Aster, Aster laevis, is a perennial with smooth, bluish-green foliage and leafy branches. Blooms occur from mid-August to early October with purple flowers and yellow centers. Smooth Blue Aster is found across Canada, Yukon to northeast Oregon and New Mexico, and east to Maine and Georgia. This flower can be found in open, dry to moist sites such as borders of woodlands and prairies, prefers full sun, dry to moist soils, and is drought tolerant.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,014,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 2-3

Bloom Period: Fall; Mature Height: 30-48 inches

Spurred Snapdragon (Toadflax)

Spurred Snapdragon, Linaria maroccana, is a slender, annual with numerous tiny snapdragon-like flowers in shades of pink, yellow, red, purple, and violet with yellow patches in the throats and long, pointed spurs. This flower typically blooms in 50 days during the spring and summer months. Spurred Snapdragon, also called Toadflax, is naturalized in the United States and does best in full to partial sun and dry soils.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 6,632,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 0.5

Bloom Period: Spring/Summer; Mature Height: 12-24 inches

Stiff Goldenrod

Stiff Goldenrod, Solidago rigida, is a perennial that produces dense clusters of dark gold flowers. Also called Rigid Goldenrod, this flower blooms in late August through October. Unlike many other Goldenrods, it does not spread by rhizomes. Stiff Goldenrod can be found across Massachusetts to Saskatchewan, south to Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas in dry to mesic prairies, open woodlands, and neutral soils. This flower does best in full sun and prefers moderate to dry soil. Stiff Goldenrod is used for its late season color, in backs of borders, mixes, and meadows, and does great when paired with New England Aster. It attracts birds and butterflies and is a good cut flower.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 772,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 2-3

Bloom Period: Summer/Fall; Mature Height: 36-60 inches

Sulfur Cosmos

Sulfur Cosmos, Cosmos sulphureus, blooms in summer and fall with showy orange, yellow, or scarlet red flowers. This flower is a warm-weather annual and native to Mexico. Sulfur Cosmos typically grows 12 to 36 inches tall with Daisy-like flowers that usually have yellow disks and yellow rays. Sulfur Cosmos prefers medium moisture, well-drained soils and full sun but can tolerate dryish, poor soils. If grown in rich, fertile soil, the plant will grow too tall and flop over. Sulfur Cosmos can be found in North, Central, and South America. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 60,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 14-15

Bloom Period: Summer/Fall; Mature Height: 12-36 inches

Sulfur Flower Buckwheat

Sulfur Flower Buckwheat, Eriogonum umbellatumpallida, is a native, low-growing woody perennial with stems 3 to 16 inches tall that are topped by clusters of tiny sulfur-yellow flower heads. The blooms range from yellow to orange or reddish and occur from June to August. This flower is commonly found on hot, dry, sunny exposures on rocky slopes and ridges throughout the west. Sulfur Flower Buckwheat plants withstand sun, heat, drought, and wind making them ideal for dry, sunny slopes. This plant is found in California to western Canada, Colorado, and New Mexico in dry, open, and often rocky areas.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 140,500; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 4-7

Bloom Period: Fall; Mature Height: 6-12 inches

Swamp Milkweed

Swamp Milkweed, asclepias incarnata, is an erect, clump-forming perennial with milky sap, branching stems, and opposite leaves that bend upward on either side of the prominent midrib. The small, fragrant flowers in tight clusters at the stem ends are pink to mauve in color and bloom from July to September. Swamp Milkweed is distributed from Nova Scotia to Florida and west to Utah in swamps, wet meadows and prairies, and poorly drained sites. This flower does best in full sun and moderate to wet soils.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 102,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 8-12

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 36-60 inches

Sweet William Pinks

Sweet William Pinks, Dianthus barbatus, is an annual/short-lived perennial that produces clusters of flowers with toothed petals in white, pink, red, purple or violet. The blooms are often bi-colored and are sweet-scented. Sweet William Pinks bloom from mid-May to mid-July and are naturalized in the United States. This flower does best in full sun, rich, moist and well-draining soil, and does not tolerate a combination of heat and humidity. Sweet William Pinks are good for fragrant gardens, cut flowers, and they attract butterflies.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 437,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 3-5

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 12-24 inches

Thickspike Gayfeather

Thickspike Gayfeather, Liatris pycnostachya, is a hardy perennial with linear leaves and spikes of purple flowers which bloom from the top down. The blooms occur in July through mid-August and attract birds and butterflies. Thickspike Gayfeather can be found across Indiana and South Dakota, south to Florida, Louisiana, and Texas in moist to dry prairies, borders, and meadows. This flower does best in full sun, prefers moderate to moist soils, can be drought resistant, and tolerates heat and humidity. Thickspike Gayfeather may need staking and is a good cut flower.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 131,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 10-12

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 24-48 inches

Western Wallflower

Western Wallflower, Erysimum capitatum, is a perennial native that grows about 12 inches tall with a conspicuous upper half covered in bright yellow or orange flowers. The flowers have 4 petals and are about 3 to 4 inches wide. Western Wallflower begins to bloom in April and prefers sunny and dry conditions. This flower can be found from southern Canada to New Mexico and throughout many of the eastern states.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 856,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 2-3

Bloom Period: Spring/Summer; Mature Height: 12-24 inches

White (Common) Yarrow

White Yarrow, Achillea millefolium var. millefolium, is an introduced perennial with finely divided leaves and white, densely clusters, flat-topped flowers. Also referred to as Common Yarrow, this flower is very aromatic and quite drought tolerant. The blooms occur from mid-June through August and are naturalized throughout the United States, usually in fields and roadsides. White Yarrow prefers full sun and dry to moist soils. This flower is very aggressive with spreading rhizomes and difficult to eradicate. It can be mowed to form a groundcover, is good for soil erosion, and withstands a combination of heat and humidity.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 2,790,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 1

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 12-36 inches

Wild Bergamot

Wild Bergamot, Monarda fistulosa, is a perennial with purple clusters of flowers that appear July through August. This is a rhizomatous plant and can be aggressive. Wild Bergamot is found in North America in regions east of the Rocky Mountains. This flower is common in floodplains, shorelines and woodlands, and moist to mesic prairies. Wild Bergamot does best in full to partial sun and moderately dry to moist but not wet, rich soils although it tolerates sandy, clay or loam soils.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,463,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 1

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 36-48 inches

Yakima Western Yarrow

Yakima Western Yarrow, Achillea millefolium var. occidentalis, is a variety of Western Yarrow that is a native perennial with finely divided leaves, woolly hairs, and white, densely clusters, flat-topped flowers. This flower is very aromatic and very drought tolerant. The blooms occur from June through July. Yakima Yarrow is native in areas from Quebec to Yukon and south to Oklahoma, California, and Mexico in lowlands and mountain highlands. This flower is found on dry, open rocky places and prefers full sun. Yakima Yarrow also prefers well-draining soils and will be aggressive in moister soils while spreading by rhizomes.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 3,240,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 1

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 12-36 inches

Yellow Prairie Coneflower

Yellow Prairie Coneflower, Ratibida columnifera, is a biennial to perennial with drooping yellow or bronze ray flowers and upright, brownish centers. This flower blooms from July through August. Yellow Prairie Coneflower can be found from Alberta to Mexico, east to Manitoba, Minnesota, Illinois, Missouri, Arkansas, and Texas in dry plains, prairies, and ravines. Yellow Prairie Coneflower does best in full sun, dry, well-drained soils, and is quite drought tolerant.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 832,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 1-2

Bloom Period: Summer; Mature Height: 12-36 inches

Wildflower Mixtures

Landmark offers a variety of wildflower mixtures including the following. Contact us for more details.

Annual Wildflower Mixtures

Custom Wildflower Mixtures

Regional Wildflower Mixtures

Perennial Wildflower Mixtures

Annual Wildflower Mixture

The Annual Wildflower Mixture includes all annual wildflowers for a first season color impact. Varied species are incorporated for season-long color. Reseeding is recommended, however some self-seeding may occur under proper conditions and management. Contact us for more details. 

Custom Wildflower Mixtures

Custom Wildflower Mixtures are available to match specific requirements such as low growing, drought tolerant, partial shade, pollinator species, and regional native species. Contact us for more details.

Regional Wildflower Mixture

Regional Wildflower Mixtures include combinations of perennials and annuals designed for use in general purpose wildflower plantings such as meadows and low-input areas. For a naturalized meadow effect, seed 25 lbs of Little Bighorn Americna Sheep Fescue with 5-6 lbs of wildflowers per acre. All native mixtures can be formulated for your area. Contact us for more details.

Perennial Wildflower Mixture

Perennial Wildflower Mixtures feature a combination of various perennial wildflowers that provide season-long color. Some species may not bloom in the first year of planting so it is recommended to add some annual wildflower mixture for greater color expression in the first season. For a naturalized meadow effect, seed 25 lbs of Little Bighorn American Sheep Fescue with 5-6 lbs of wildflowers per acre. Contact us for more details.